Raymond Leslie Buell, Class of 1914

September 02, 2005
Santa Paula High School
By B. J. Harding, President, SPUHS Alumni Association Born in Chicago to Henry C. and Laura Mohler Buell, Raymond and his sister Margaret came to Santa Paula where their father served as the minister at the Presbyterian Church. The children attended grammar school here, and Raymond entered SPUHS in 1910.In high school, Raymond served as manager of the basketball team, a meber of the tennis team, and on the publication committee. The institution of self-government at SPUHS was largely due to Ray’s efforts, and he served as president of the Student Government. He was also the lead actor in the class plays.Following graduation, Ray went to Occidental College in Los Angeles, where he graduated with honors in 1918. He served in World War II as sergeant in the Ordnance Department. Following his service, he went to the University of Grenoble, France, where he wrote his first book, “Contemporary French Politics” in 1920.Returning to the U.S., Ray received his master’s at Princeton University and his Ph.D. in 1922. In 1920, he served as assistant professor of history and economics at Occidental College, and in the summer of 1923 he lectured on government at Harvard University. His book, “International Relations,” published in 1925, became the textbook on that subject.In 1925, Buell went to Africa to study political, economic and social conditions and wrote “The Native Problem in Africa” (two volumes). In 1927 he became the research director of the Foreign Policy Association, a national organization headquartered in New York City, and served as president from 1933 to 1939. In 1934, he investigated conditions in Cuba and published “Problems of the New Cuba” in 1935. He was awarded the degree of LL.D by Miami University and by Occidental College.
Over the next few years, he lectured at several important universities such as Columbia, Yale, Princeton, Harvard, Fletcher School of Law, Tufts and Oberlin, as well as traveling to Europe studying and writing about governments. He wrote “Poland: Key to Europe” in 1939. He then joined the staff of Time, Inc. and was round table editor of that magazine.In the 1940 presidential campaign, Ray was advisor to Wendell Wilkie on foreign affairs. His last published writings were “The Churches and World War III,” written for Theology Today, April 1946, and “A Policy for the Middle East,” which offered a policy of the Palestine problem within a regional framework.Raymond married Frances March and they had two children, Elizabeth and Henry. Before his death in 1946, Raymond had written scores of volumes on foreign affairs, and served as advisor to the editors of Time, Life and Fortune magazines.



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